Constructivism was an artistic and architectural philosophy that originated in Russia beginning in 1919, a rejection of the idea of autonomous art. The movement was in favour of art as a practice for social purposes. Constructivism had a great effect on modern art movements of the 20th century, influencing major trends such as the Bauhaus and De Stijl movements. Its influence was pervasive, with major impacts upon architecture, graphic and industrial design, theatre, film, dance, fashion and to some extent music.

Infoplease Entry on constructivism.

Northwestern University Biography of Meyerhold with stage photographs and designs.

Northwestern University Constructivism in Russian visual arts.

Northwestern University Meyerhold production photographs.

Northwestern University Pictures of Russian stage design 1906-1930.

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