Fringe theatre is theatre that is not of the mainstream. The term comes from the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, which name comes from Robert Kemp, who described the unofficial companies performing at the same time as the second Edinburgh International Festival (1948) as a “fringe”, writing: “Round the fringe of official Festival drama, there seems to be more private enterprise than before”. The term has since been adopted by the Edinburgh Festival Fringe and thence by alternative theatres and alternative theatre festivals.

In London, the Fringe is the term given to small scale theatres, many of them located above pubs, and the equivalent to New York’s Off-Off-Broadway theatres.

Adelaide Fringe Website of the Adelaide Fringe Festival

Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia Entry on fringe theatre explaining the accepted guidelines of most fringe fesitvals.

Canadian Theatre Encyclopedia Entry on fringe theatre discussing Canada’s Edmonton Fringe Festival, fringe artists and a typical fringe circuit. Official website of the annual Edinburgh Fringe Festival.

Melbourne Fringe Festival Website of the annual Melbourne Fringe Festival.

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